Sura’ al-Fatihah and the Missionary’s “Straight Path”

Some Christian missionaries have the inherent fantasy that Sura’ al-Fatihah (the first Sura’ of the Qur’an) somehow supports their false pagan doctrine of the Trinity. They will first cite the whole ayaat (keep in mind that their main contention is with Qur’an, 1:6 — “Guide us on the straight path“) and then twist this interpretation to suit their false doctrine. Let us now deal with this latest polemic in the following paragraphs.

How Tafsir is Performed?

If you ask what is the best method of tafsir, the answer is that the best way is to explain the Qur’an through the Qur’an. For, what the Qur’an alludes to at one place is explained at the other, and what it says in brief on one occasion is elaborated upon at the other. But if this does not help you, you should turn to the Sunnah, because the Sunnah explains and elucidates the Qur’an. Imam Abu `Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi`i has said: “All that the Prophet, peace be upon him, has said is what he has derived from the Qur’an.”

The Miracle of Isra’ and Mi’raj

The verse of Isra’ in the Qur’an is clear not liable to hesitation or reluctance in saying that Allah had caused His servant to travel by night from Al-Masjid Al-Haram to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa like you say; I traveled by night from such and such place to such and such place. So, there is no room for hesitation and asking whether this was with body or spirit, or awake or during sleep. Also, it is inappropriate to disagree regarding the meaning of this night journey or regarding the word ‘Abd, i.e., servant, and whether it refers to the spirit, to the body or to both, as it has happened between those claiming bodily Isra and others claiming spiritual Isra.