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Polemical Rebuttals

Wood Chopped Down: The Information Superhighway And The Nonsense Of Christian Missionary Belligerence

From the beginning of Orientalism, the Christian missionaries have been assuming that Islam is “headless” enough to be attacked and scrutinized with a ferocity that one can only conclude borders on fanaticism. These missionaries proved then that they do not have the brains to acknowledge their own headlessness. One such example is David Wood, a recent zealous recruit by the ever-intolerent Answering Islam, whose only amazing ability is his extreme belligerence, and what can only be described as fanatical intolerence, towards a faith different from his. This is a review of one such article.

Mr. Wood begins by saying:

    Muhammad’s empire of faith has managed to thrive in the modern world for one simple reason: Muslims have kept Muhammad?s dark past a secret. Indeed, they have gone beyond keeping it a secret; they have somehow convinced themselves (and many others) that Muhammad was an outstanding moral example, perhaps even the greatest moral example of all time. Perpetuating this fraud has been, in my opinion, the most stupendous deception in world history.

We are sure that it has been such “a very large secret” that the incidents “exposed” in Mr. Wood’s belligerent piece were actually recorded in some recent contemporary biographies of the Prophet Muhammad(P). Mr. Wood should consider reading the late Martin Ling’s “Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources“, M. H. Haykal’s “The Life of Muhammad” and another book, “The Sealed Nectar” and see whether these eminent writers have concealed even a fraction of the Prophet’s(P) life.

Yet Mr. Wood continue to persist in this mindless bigotry, and says:

    The difficulty here is that, no matter how loudly a Muslim shouts these objections, they have no power to overcome the historical fact that Muhammad was a robber and a murderer.

One should not throw stones at glass houses, and similarly one could say the following for the Judeo-Christian faith:

    The difficulty here is that, no matter how loudly a Jew/Christian shouts these objections, they have no power to overcome the historical fact that Moses was a robber and a murderer.

Mr. Wood has not proven anything apart from an assertion that, in his view, what the Prophet(P) did was “robbing and murdering”.

The following are some of the claims that he has charged against the Prophet(P). Do note the nature of the polemical trend employed by Mr Wood. They are neither “new” nor have they not been discussed or answered aeons ago. What we will do here is to reproduce some of the charges, and provide a link to a further discussion on the issue. This is to demonstrate to Mr. Wood and his missionary pals that their tired, old repetitions are not unfamiliar to us, and to send a message that we are not interested in reinventing the wheel and waste our time in responding.

The following are some of the claims that were made.

Claim #1: When Muhammad began receiving his revelations, his first impression was that he was possessed by demons

Verdict: Manipulation of Facts

This was discussed by Al-Nowaihi, who notes that:

It is important to realize that when that search culminated in his hearing the voice of Gabriel in Mount Hira, at the age of forty, he did not hasten to believe in his revelation or become convinced of it overnight. He passed through a period of considerable doubt and fear, terrified lest it be only the wicked trick and cruel jesting of Satan, and he needed the wholehearted support of his faithful wife Khadija to overcome his fears. I venture to suggest that this was an attestation of his integrity; a deliberate impostor bent upon deception would not have gone through those agonizing terrors. Furthermore, a careful reading of the early suras of the Qur’an shows that, even after he was convinced of the authenticity of his revelation, it was only with great reluctance that he accepted the awesome burden of his mission, and only after he was driven by an overpowering sense of the duty which he could not shirk.

(For more on the Christian missionary abuse of the Fatrah incident, see The Fatrah: Intermission of the Prophet Muhammad)

Claim #2: Muhammad supported his fledgling religion by robbing people

Verdict: Manipulation of Facts

(For more on the legislation and beginning of jihad, see The Legislation and the Beginning of Jihad)

Claim #3: Muhammad was often ruthless towards his adversaries

Verdict: Falsehood

On the contrary, the Prophet(P) was always gentle and treated his enemies kindly, and this is a fact recognised by the most virulent of his contemporary enemies.

(For more refutations to accusations of the so-called “brutality” of the Prophet(P), see What About The Killing of Ka’ab bin Al-Ashraf? and The Killing of Abu ‘Afak and Asma’ bint Marwan?)

Claim #4: Muhammad had far more wives than even his own revelations allowed

Verdict: Manipulation of Facts

The injunction on the limitation of wives does not apply to the Prophet’s(P) wives. As they had attained a high stature in the Muslim community of believers (Ummul Mukminin or “Mothers of the Believers), it would be nothing short of an injustice to deprive them of their status by divorcing them and hence condemn them to humiliation. For the Prophet’s(P) marriages, a separate law was given to him, namely that he may not marry any more women after this revelation was revealed.

(For more on the Prophet Muhammad’s wives, see Why Was The Prophet Polygamous?)

Claim #5: Muhammad consummated a marriage to a nine-year-old girl

Verdict: Manipulation of Facts

(For more on Muhammad’s relationship with Aisha, see The Young Marriage of Aishah)

Claim #6: Muhammad had a contemptible opinion of women

Verdict: Outright Falsehood

(For more on the Islamic view of women, see The Position of Women in Islam)

Claim #7: Muhammad is unique among prophets in that he is the only one to receive a revelation, proclaim it as part of God’s message to man, and later take it back, claiming that it was actually from Satan.

Verdict: Outright Falsehood

(For more on the Orientalist fantasy regarding this unauthentic tradition, see Those Are Their High-Flying Lies Indeed)

Hence from these mere selective “claims”, Mr Wood tries to conclude that:

    These are just some of the facts that Muslims have been keeping secret, but they are enough to make any reasonable person doubt the validity of Islam.

On the contrary, the allegations that were hurled and repeated ad nauseam by the missionary is nothing new. They have been discussed, debated, and refuted by Muslim and non-Muslim scholars time and time again. Mr. Wood is perhaps ignorant of the copious amount of material on these issues and who can blame him? Perhaps he has been living in a mono-culture all his life and has never come across a single Muslim on the street.

    The truth about Muhammad has been one of the world’s best-kept secrets. For centuries, it has been virtually impossible to raise objections about the character of Muhammad in Muslim countries, for anyone who raised such objections would (following the example set by Muhammad himself) immediately be killed.

And it was possible to raise issues of doubt about the character of Jesus(P) in the Spanish Inquisition and Crusades era, for example? Mr. Wood is trying to “pull wool” over his reader’s eyes, without a doubt.

Conclusions

We will not make secret of the fact that reviewing Mr. Wood’s article (not to mention his series of Christian belligerent nonsense) has been nothing but a most tiresome exercise. Mr. Wood tries to cast the illusion as though “criticism” of the Prophet(P) is something foreign or alien to the Muslim world. On the contrary, attacking Islam has been as old as the founding of Islam itself and “criticism” of the Prophet(P) as old as Orientalism itself.

We also demand evidence from Mr. Wood about his claim that “anyone who raised such objections would…immediately be killed”. What is the proof of his sweeping statement? In which countries are these people killed for their “criticism” and what is the nature of their so-called “criticism”?

Yet Mr. Wood continues with:

    In the end, Islam will fall, for the entire structure is built upon the belief that Muhammad was the greatest moral example in history, and this belief is demonstrably false.

Unfortunately for Mr. Wood, Islam does not rise or fall on a single individual. It is true that the Prophet Muhammad is held in the highest esteem. It is actually more true to say the following about Christianity:

    In the end, Christianity will fall, for the entire structure is built upon the belief that Jesus was the God-incarnate, and this belief is demonstrably false.

Indeed, countless individuals and groups have secretly wished for Islam’s downfall from past to present. However, we are not disturbed by the secret desires of Mr. Wood and his belligerent Christian missionary pals to see Islam’s destruction. There is no reason to believe that Mr. Wood and his pals will succeed where their more “knowledgeable” predecessors in the likes of Margoliuth, Muir, Zwemmer and Pfander had failed before.

And with that, we say that only God knows best! Wood Chopped Down: The Information Superhighway and the Nonsense of Christian Missionary Belligerence 2

Cite this article as: Bismika Allahuma Team, "Wood Chopped Down: The Information Superhighway And The Nonsense Of Christian Missionary Belligerence," in Bismika Allahuma, October 18, 2005, last accessed December 4, 2021, https://www.bismikaallahuma.org/polemical-rebuttals/wood-chopped-down/
Categories
Muhammad

Another Rational Approach To The Prophethood Of Muhammad

This is a continuation of our earlier discussion where we have talked about a rational approach to the prophethood of Muhammad. It is well known that the Prophet Muhammad(P) was victorious over all his opponents, to him and to his followers subdued many states and kingdoms, people entered Islam in large numbers and his call resulted in Islamic Caliphate and civilization for so many centuries. We also agree that God is Omniscient, Omnipotent and Wise.

So is it possible for the Most Wise to enable a liar to be victorious, assist him, aid him against his opponents and make the end result in his favour and his followers, although this liar continuously invent lies and forgeries against God claiming that He sent him, attributing to Him false religion and false laws and making all this God’s Words and inspiration, then this liar stays victorious and overpowering during his lifetime and after his death, while people are fooled by him accepting his lies and forgeries against God? Or does God’s Wisdom require that he is beaten in every battle and every field, and overpowered and defeated by everyone in every war and that he builds no state but God destroys it, so he dies conquered and overpowered as God does with all those who falsely claim prophethood, divinity or inspiration?

If we apply this to Muhammad’s claim of prophethood, we notice that he(P) made it clear that he is a prophet of God, inspired by Him and reciting His Words.

Moreover, Muhammad(P) made it clear that God aids him against his opponents and He was going to make him victorious over all, the Holy Qur’an says:

If any thinks that Allah will not help him (His Messenger) in this world and the Hereafter, let him stretch out a rope to the ceiling and cut (himself) off: then let him see whether his plan will remove that which enrages (him).1

The meaning is that if anyone thinks that Allah would not make Muhammad(P) victorious in this life and in the Hereafter, then let him do his best in fighting and opposing him (peace be upon him), and if he failed, let him stretch a rope to the ceiling of his house and hang himself on for Allah will inevitably aid His prophet.

Just imagine it. A man claiming prophethood and inspiration recites verses affirming that God helps him and will make him victorious over his enemies, and then he actually defeats all these enemies and becomes victorious over them in the end.

And imagine again. This man recites the following verse:

And if the messenger were to invent any sayings in Our name, We should certainly seize him by his right hand, and We should certainly then cut off the artery of his heart: nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath).2

Please read the verses again and ponder upon their meaning.

Here we have a man claiming he is inspired and sent by God and challenging that if he does not tell the truth, God will certainly destroy him. However, we see that God never destroyed this man, on the contrary, he supported and assisted him and made him victorious and glorious before all his opponents.

This means one of the following:

1) God does not exist in the first place.
2) God exists but He is ignorant for He is unaware of all these challenges spoken by this impostor.
3) God exists and is Omniscient, but He is impotent for He can do nothing about the challenges spoken by this impostor. So He sits and watches the promises and challenges of the impostor come true.
4) God exists and is Omniscient and Omnipotent, but He is unwise for He misleads people to the utmost, by swallowing the challenges of impostors while He can actually stop them. Not only that, He also executes all their promises with victory and glory for them.
5) God exists and is Omniscient, Omnipotent and Wise, and Muhammad is truly His Prophet whom He aided and supported.

So, choose for yourself!

So, we conclude that it is impossible of Muhammad(P) to lie regarding prophethood because we believe that God’s Wisdom necessitates that if he was an impostor, God would humiliate him. But this did not happen. On the contrary, God aided and supported him during his lifetime and after his death which is a decisive indication that he was a true prophet of Allah.

This decisive argument is irrefutable; for we believe that Allah’s Wisdom necessitates aid of true prophet and humiliation of false prophet, and we know that Allah supported Muhammad(P) and did not let him down, so he must be a true prophet.

In the light of this argument, we cannot accept the claim that Muhammad’s victory was due to worldly reasons for this would be a complete rejection of God’s Wisdom and Omnipotence. Moreover, it is well known that Muslims were markedly fewer in number than their opponents in all the wars they fought beginning with the battle of Badr till their wars with Persian and Roman armies, except for the battle of Hunayn.

Before the advent of Islam, it was very usual of a small number of Persian or Roman soldiers to attack a large populated Arab tribe, capture their men and enslave their women. During wars, large numbers of Arab fighters were often defeated by small numbers of Roman or Persian soldiers.

After the advent of Islam, the opposite was true; small numbers of Prophet’s Companions used to defeat large numbers of Roman or Persian soldiers, even though Muslim soldiers were poorly equipped. Roman and Persian kings were always amazed how their huge well-equipped armies were defeated at hands of Muslims despite their small number, weakness and lack of equipment.

Rev. George Bush (1796-1859) says about Muhammad(P):

He laid the foundation of an empire, which, in the short space of eighty years, extended its sway over more kingdoms and countries than Rome had mastered in eight hundred. And when we pass from the political to the religious ascendancy which he gained and consider the rapid growth, the wide diffusion, and the enduring permanence of the Mohammedan imposture, we are still more astonished. Indeed, in this, as in every other instance where the fortunes of an individual are entirely disproportioned to the means employed and surpass all reasonable calculation …

And confesses:

…we are forced to resolve the problem into the special providence of God. Nothing short of this could have secured the achievement of such mighty results; and we must doubtless look upon Mohammedanism in the present day as a standing monument of the mysterious wisdom of Jehovah, designed to compass ends which are beyond the grasp of human minds, at least till they are accomplished.3

This is in fulfilment of God’s Promise in the Holy Qur’an:

Already has Our Word been passed before (this) to Our Servants sent (by Us), that they would certainly be assisted, and that Our forces, they surely must conquer.4

And:

We will, without doubt, help Our messengers and those who believe, (both) in this world’s life and on the Day when the Witnesses will stand fort.5

And:

Allah will certainly aid those who aid His (cause); for verily Allah is Full of Strength, Exalted in Might, (Able to enforce His Will).6

And God’s ultimate promise:

Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion- the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me.’ If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.7

This is markedly different from disbelievers who are made victorious and established in authority for their establishment and victory is not due to divine aid, rather it is due to frank material causes like wealth and power. None of them ever claimed prophethood, nor that Allah ordered them to worship Him alone. None claimed that whoever obeyed him would go to Heaven and whoever disobeyed would go to Hell. On the contrary of the one who claims inspiration from Allah, he is either a truthful prophet of Allah, so Allah aids him and makes him victorious, or he is an impostor, so Allah humiliates him and cuts him off.

This is the answer to those who may argue that Allah had established in the land many disbelievers and followers of false religions and made them prevail and succeed like Buddhists and Confucius.

Others may argue that Muslims nowadays are weak in comparison to other nations of disbelief, so how come Allah assists them?

The answer is that Allah made Muslims victorious over other nations when they adhered to it, so He humiliated people of disbelief like Jews and Christians. This is the case with the true religion of God, if its people adhere to it, follow its commandments and abstain from its prohibitions, God will aid them and make them victorious. But if they do not, He will not till they return back.

If a doctor prescribes a certain medication for a certain disease, then the patient does not follow the prescription and his illness does not improve, no one can blame the doctor in this case, nor claim that he is not a real doctor.

This is the case with our nation, if they do not follow the commandments and teachings of Islam, Allah does not aid or help them, as the Caliph ‘Umar said: “Allah has honoured us with Islam. So if we are to seek honour in other than Islam, Allah will dishonour us.”

In brief, it is the habit of Allah to aid and support His true apostle to the degree that no one can ever oppose this apostle. It is well known that He incredibly aided Muhammad (peace be upon him) like no other apostle, it is also well known that none falsely alleged prophethood but Allah exposed him, humiliated him and cut him off, and all those aided by Allah were true prophets like Noah, Ibrahim, Moses, Jesus, David and Sulaiman, for it is the habit of Allah to aid His Messengers and their followers.

In addition, teachings of all prophets of God are the same, for all of them command with worship of God alone with no partner, belief in the Hereafter and the Judgement Day, and with praise of Allah, chastity, honesty, truthfulness in speech and deeds, and they forbid idol worship, lewdness, lying, cheating, dishonesty, etc So, if someone claims prophethood and preaches the same teachings of all previous prophets for the sake of guiding people, we know he is one of them, i.e., a true prophet, the same way we recognize the doctor if he prescribes the same medications prescribed by all other doctors and his treatment leads to cure of diseases.

This is evident in the speech of Ja’far ibn Abi Talib to the king of Abyssinia:

“O king! We were plunged into the depths of ignorance, and we were idolaters. We used to eat corpses, to commit abominations, to severe blood ties, to neglect our duties of hospitality and neighbourliness, and to use only the law of the strong. That was our life until Allah raised among us a man, whose lineage, truthfulness, honesty, and purity we knew. He called us to the Oneness of Allah and taught us not to associate anything with Him. He forbade us the worship of idols and enjoined us to speak the truth, to be faithful to our trusts, to be merciful and to regard the rights of the neighbours as well as kith and kin, and to refrain from crimes and bloodshed. He prohibited us from committing abominations, speaking lies, devouring the property of orphans, and vilifying chaste women. He commanded us to offer prayers, to render alms, and to observe fasts. We have allowed what he has allowed, and have prohibited what he has prohibited. For this reason, our people attacked us and persecuted us in order to force us to abandon the worship of Allah and return to the worship of idols and to regard as lawful the evil deeds we once committed. When they had tortured and encircled our lives, until finding no safety among them, we have come to your country, and hope you will protect us from oppression while we are with you, O king!”8

This speech summarizes the teachings of Islam and shows that they agree with the teachings of all previous prophets and messengers of God. This is a very important issue, for it is inadequate to merely know that Allah sent prophets and messengers to people, it is more important to know why Allah sent these prophets and messengers. In other words, what did prophets and messengers of Allah preach and teach? It is nonsense to believe that Allah sent messengers without knowing the reason why they were raised among their peoples in the first place, and understanding the purpose of their prophethood. So, belief in prophets and messengers of God requires knowing the purpose of prophethood and Messengership.

We see that all prophets of God commanded their people with all that is good, and forbade all that is evil. When we compare Muhammad(P) with other prophets who preceded him, we notice that he preached the same they preached and forbade the same they forbade.

  • He(P) ordered to glorify God, exalt Him above having partners or rivals, establish His authority and worth of worship, attribute to Him all qualities of perfection and negate all qualities of imperfection from Him.
  • He(P) denounced the notion that angels are daughters of God and explained their real deeds and missions in both earth and heavens.
  • He(P) commanded with belief in all previous divine scriptures revealed on previous prophets and showed that they contained guidance as long as they preach monotheism and purity of faith, but once they got corrupted, they are no longer suitable for guidance.
  • He(P) brought evident and decisive proofs of coming of the Last Day and Resurrection.
  • He(P) commanded with pleasing God with best acts like offering prayers, giving alms, fasting and pilgrimage.
  • He(P) preached good deeds and manners like truthfulness, honesty, fulfillment of trust, kindness to relations, helping the poor and the needy, etc.
  • He(P) warned of association of partners with Allah, idol worship and disbelief.
  • He(P) prohibited blood shedding, adultery, alcohol drinking and usury.

Are these not the teachings of all previous prophets which were decreed by Allah since the Prophet Noah (peace be upon him)?

All this indicates that he(P) walked in the footsteps of previous prophets of Allah. Actually, his Message preserved and guarded previous messages that had been corrupted and altered, Allah says:

Thus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced, that ye might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves.9

This is due to the fact that all prophets came to preach the same religion.

Sending Muhammad(P) after the corruption of the religion of the previous prophets is a mercy from Allah to mankind, for indeed He says:

We sent thee not, but as a Mercy for all creatures.10

The teachings which the prophets preached commanded all that is good and forbade all that is evil. Muhammad (peace be upon him) came as a preserver, a guardian and a witness to these teachings. The Holy Qur’an says:

Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour.

And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: my Lord bestow on them thy mercy even as they cherished me in childhood.

Your Lord knoweth best what is in your hearts: if ye do deeds of righteousness, verily he is most forgiving to those who turn to him again and again (in true penitence).

And render to the kindred their due rights, as (also) to those in want, and to the wayfarer: but squander not (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift.

Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the evil ones; and the evil one is to his Lord (himself) ungrateful.

And even if thou hast to turn away from them pursuit of the mercy from thy Lord which thou dost expect, yet speak to them a word of easy kindness.

Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard’s) to thy neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach, so that thou become blameworthy and destitute.

Verily thy Lord doth provide sustenance in abundance for whom he pleaseth, and he provideth in a just measure. For he doth know and regard all his servants.

Kill not your children for fear of want: we shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.

Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).

Nor take life which Allah has made sacred except for just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given his heir authority (to demand Visas or to forgive): but let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life; for he is helped (by the Law).

Come not nigh to the orphan’s property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; and fulfil (every) engagement, for (every) engagement, will be enquired into (on the day of reckoning).

Give full measure when ye measure and weigh with a balance that is straight: that is the most fitting and the most advantageous in the final determination.
And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) the heart will be enquired into (on the day of reckoning).

Nor walk on the earth with insolence: for thou canasta not rend the earth asunder, nor reach the mountains in height.

Of all such things, the evil is hateful in the sight of thy Lord.

There are among the (precepts of) wisdom, which thy Lord has revealed to thee. Take not with Allah another object of worship. Lest thou shouldst be thrown into Hell, blameworthy and rejected.11

And says:

Say: come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from: join not anything as equal with him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want; we provide sustenance for you and for them; come not nigh to shameful deeds, whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.

And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice; no burden do we place on any soul, but that which it can bear; whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the Covenant of Allah: thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.

Verily, this is my way, leading straight: follow it: follow not (other) paths: they will scatter you about from his (great) path: thus doth He command you, that ye may be righteous.12

And says:

Say: “My Lord hath commanded Justice; and that ye set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer, and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere as in His sight: Such as He created you in the beginning, so shall ye return.”

Some He hath guided: others have (by their choice) deserved the loss of their way; in that they took the Evil once, in preference to Allah, for their friends and protectors, and think that they receive guidance.

O Children of Adam Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: but wast not be excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters.

Say: who hath forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allah, which He hath produced for his servants, and the things, clean and pure, (which He hath provided) for sustenance? Say they are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) purely for them on the day of judgment thus do we explain the Signs in detail for those who understand.13

These great teachings were preached by all the Prophets, and Muhammad(P) affirmed and displayed them in the best way. It is adequate when hearing these great teachings to believe in Muhammad(P) and know that he came to mankind with guidance and favour, commanding with good and forbidding evil, whether it is in words or deeds.

And Allah knows best. Another Rational Approach To The Prophethood of Muhammad 4

Cite this article as: Bismika Allahuma Team, "Another Rational Approach To The Prophethood Of Muhammad," in Bismika Allahuma, December 16, 2007, last accessed December 4, 2021, https://www.bismikaallahuma.org/muhammad/another-rational-approach-prophethood-muhammad/
  1. Sura Al-Hajj, verse 15 []
  2. Sura Al-Haqqah, verses 44-47 []
  3. Rev. George Bush, The Life of Mohammed; Founder of The Religion of Islam, and of The Empire of The Saracens, published by Harper & Brothers, 1844, pp. 156-157 []
  4. Sura Al-Saffat, verses 171-173 []
  5. Sura Ghafir, verse 51 []
  6. Sura Al-Hajj, verse 40 []
  7. Sura Al-Nour, verse 55 []
  8. Sirat Ibn Hisham, Biography of the Prophet, abridged by Abdus-Salam M. Harun. Translated and Published by Al-Falah Foundation, page 58 []
  9. Sura Al-Baqarah, verse 143 []
  10. Sura Al-Anbiyaa, verse 107 []
  11. Sura Al-Israa, verses 23-39 []
  12. Sura Al-An’am, verses 151-153 []
  13. Sura Al-A’raf, verses 29-32 []
Categories
Qur'anic Commentary The Qur'an

When The Evangelist Becomes A Shaikh, The Angels Become Worshippers Of Adam

When the Evangelist becomes a Shaikh, the angels become polytheists, worshipping Adam instead of Allah. When the Evangelist becomes a Shaikh, the Nasikh becomes Mansukh, the Mutlaq becomes Muqayyad and the ‘Aammbecomes Makhsus, and vice-versa. Not that it is not hilarious to read for Evangelists-turned-Shaikhs. It is at the discovery of the level of horrific confusion and plain errors contained in the “fatawa” of the many Evangelists/Shaikhs who sprung up in recent years that intensifies one’s amazement and bafflement, especially noting the level of publicity the writings of the new Shaikhs receive in the western media.

Answering Islam, a neo-conservative website, propagates articles of the nature described here that discusses specific, knowledge-based Islamic topics, without using a knowledge-based approach. By appealing to their readers’ emotions rather than the pursuit of truth and serious scientific research, the Neo-Cons/Neo-Shaikhs seek to deflect attention away from discussing the core foundation of their religion in comparison to the Islamic Faith to discussing specific aspects of the Islamic Law. However, if one does not believe in the tree itself, i.e., Islam and its creed, then discussing the attributes of the tree’s branches, leaves and fruit becomes irrelevant. Nonetheless, callers to Islam, who are required to convey the Islamic Message in its entirety to mankind, should consider criticism of the Islamic Law and Islam’s concepts as an opportunity to explain both the core tenets of their religion and the specifics of its Law. This is a type of Jihad of profound significance that uses the tools of written and spoken words to clarify Islam to mankind and inform them of its magnificent creed.

“One or Two Adams?”

This is the title of an article on the topic of Sujud (prostration) written by Wail Taghlibi and posted by Answering Islam on their website. Before we discuss the major points of interest in Taghlibi’s article, we should first explain the topic under discussion in his article to satisfy the requirement of scientific research in a knowledge-based atmosphere.

Linguistic Definition of Sujud

In Ahkamu al-Qur’an, Imam Ibn al-Arabi1 said that linguistically, both Sujud and Ruku’ pertain to in’hinaa, meaning “lowering [of the head, or both the head and back]”. Imam Ibn al-`Arabi added that every ruku’ (bowing) is a sujud (prostration) and every sujud is a ruku’, saying that Ruku’ pertains more to bowing (in’hinaa), while Sujud pertains more to bending (Meel). Ibn al-Arabi added that both Sujud and Ruku’ are used to describe each other, even though each one of them may exclusively describe a certain position [example: in the Islamic Prayer, Ruku’ pertains to bowing while Sujud pertains to prostrating on the ground].

Another book of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) titled, Ghidhaa al-Albab fi Sharh Mandhumat al-Adaab2 also stated that sujud has several meanings, such as bending, making In’hinaa, humbleness, modesty and greeting. The same book quotes the linguist Abu Yusuf, Ya’qub ibn Ishaq ibn as-Sikkat (died 244/858), as saying that it is said that one has made Sujud if one [at least] lowered (or nodded) his head or went to the extent of placing the face on the ground (prostrates).

Conclusion: both Ruku’ and Sujud carry meanings of lowering or nodding the head lightly, bowing down, bending both the head and back to the extent of placing the hands, knees, feet and face on the ground in prostration, humbleness, modesty, greeting, and so forth. The context of the sentence in which Sujud or Ruku’ appears defines which meaning mentioned here is desired.

For instance, Allah said in the Qur’an, which translated means:

    “O, you who have believed! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful.”[22:77]

In this context, Ruku’ pertains to, while standing, bending the head and back parallel to the ground while placing the hands on the knees, while Sujud pertains to placing the face, hands, knees and feet on the ground. In this context, Ruku’ and Sujud describe different pillars of the Islamic Prayer.

Ruku` was also mentioned in the context of sujud in this Ayah (Qur’?nic verse):

“And Dawud [David] guessed that We have tried him and he sought forgiveness of his Lord, and he fell down in Ruku` and turned [to All?h] in repentance.” [38:24]

The great Muslim Scholar, Imam Ahmad Ibn Taimiyyah, stated[3] that in this Ayah, Prophet Dawud, peace be upon him, made Sujud. Sujud was mentioned in the context of Ruku’ in the Ayah:

    “And (remember)when it was said to them (Children of Israel): “Dwell in this town (Jerusalem) and eat therefrom wherever you wish, and say, ‘(O, All?h) forgive our sins’ and enter the gate Sujjadan (making Sujud)'”[7:161]

Ibn Taimiyyah said that several scholars of Tafsir (interpretation of the Qur’an) stated that the Children of Israel were ordered to enter the vicinity of the Masjid (Temple) while making Ruku`, i.e., bowing down, since entering while prostrating on the ground is not possible.[4]

Pertaining to the Islamic Prayer, “Sujud”, is generally in reference to the act of prostration where one places the face, hands, knees and feet on the ground, as scholars al-Bukhari and Muslim reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him. “Ruku'”, if used in the context of prayer, is generally in reference to the position where while standing, one bends the back and head parallel to the ground while placing the hands on the knees as if holding to them, extending the hands and bending the elbows to the outside with the feet apart from each other as wide apart as one’s shoulders are.[5]

Hatred vs Scientific Research to Support Criticism of Islam: “One Adam or Two?”

It is astounding as to how Wail Taghlibi and his sponsors imagine they can circumvent the advance of Islam’s plain creed by writing this type of article that joins evident error and utter confusion to the inability to understand Islamic concepts.

Wail Taghlibi wrote:

    The Qur’an tells that God created Adam, then he commanded the Angels to bow down before Adam?(Sad 38:71-72 Pickthall). This command is confirmed in other verses: (Al-Baqara 2:34; Al-Aaraf 7:11; Al-Hijr 15:28-29; Al-Isra’ 17:61; Al-Kahf 18:50; Ta-ha 20:116).

The Sujud (prostration) performed by the angles to Adam is an aspect of the Ghaib, or matters of the Unseen, that Muslims believe in and do not dispute. In his article, Wail also correctly described the conversation that went between All?h and Iblis (Shaitan [Satan]), ?The angels, except Satan, obeyed God’s command?God asked Iblis (Satan): ??What hindereth thee from falling prostrate before that which I have created with both My hands?…Iblis (Satan) answered: ??I am better than him. Thou createdst me of fire, whilst him Thou didst create of clay’ (Sad 38:76; cf. Al-Hijr 15:33).

Wail added that:

    Iblis’ disobedience to God’s command can never be justified, yet it raises the question of what was really meant by ‘falling down prostrate to Adam’.

To directly answer Taghlibi’s question, we hereby testify that the answer is “really” found in the Qur’anic verses that he quoted: Allah “really” ordered the angels to make Sujud to Adam, and the angels “really” made Sujud to Adam. To assert this fact, the Qur’an did not mention the word ‘Ruku(bowing down)' while describing Allah's order to the angels, but always the word, 'Sujud'. Sujud, in this context, means to fully prostrate on the ground as indicated by Allah's statement to the angels, {Fa (so) Qau (fall down) Lahu (to him [Adam]) Sajidin (Prostrate)} [15:29].

Wail Taghlibi continues, by saying:

    The study of Adam’s relationship to God and His angels raises a bewildering question with regards to worship…Another fact to consider when seeking to understand the phrase, ‘falling prostrate to Adam’ is the role of ‘falling prostrate’ in the context of worship. The phrase is overwhelmingly used in the Qur’an in reference to worship to God?This is obvious in the following verses: ‘O ye who believe! Bow down and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord, and do good, that haply ye may prosper’ (Al-Hajj 22:77; cf. 22:18)?(Fussilat 41:37), and ?(An-Najm 53:62).’..These verses clearly demonstrate that to ‘fall prostrate’ is to God alone? One may find it difficult to see how these verses could be consistent with the previous references that call angels to ‘fall prostrate to Adam’.

Wail then expounded on his “fatwa” by writing this:

    To worship anyone other than God is described in the Qur’an as Shirk. Shirk, from the perspective of Qur’an, is the most grievous sin?If God really did command his angels to ‘fall prostate to Adam’, this would mean that they were commanded to commit Shirk, which He forbade and imposed the most severe punishment on those who commit that sin! God is far above contradicting himself.

We shall deal with this allegation in the subsequent passages.

Where Does the Qur’an Say that Allah Ordered the Angels to Worship Adam?

When one involves oneself in a type of knowledge that is far superior to one’s intellect, one falls into the absurd idea that All?h ordered the angels to worship Adam. There are various ways to scientifically analyze Wail’s claim that All?h Himself ordered the angels to commit Shirk by making Sujud to Adam, even though All?h made Shirk the most grievous sin. Yet, we should start with the most direct method of scientific analysis of Wail’s statement by asking this question: Where does the Qur’?n say that All?h ordered the angles to perform an act of worship to Adam?

In his article/fatwa, Wail mentioned Allah’s order to the angels to prostrate in Sujud to Adam and commented by saying:

…this would mean that they were commanded to commit Shirk.

However, the first question that one should ask Wail is the most fundamental: Where is the Qur’anic verse stating that the angels’ Sujud to Adam was an act of Shirk? To further confuse his readers, Wail mentioned several Qur’anic ayat (verses) that ordain on Muslims various acts of worship, including prostrating to Allah in sujud, but failed to mention a single Qur’anic verse stating that in Islam, every type of Sujud is an act of worship.

To explain, Wail Taghlibi rightfully stated that Shirk means to worship others besides All?h, and he quotes the following verse:

“Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills; and whoever sets up partners with All?h in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.” [4:48]

However, Wail made every Sujud an act of worship as is clear from his ‘decision’ that All?h’s order to the angels to make Sujud to Adam is the Shirk that He forbade for creation. Wail also said, “These verses clearly demonstrate that to ‘fall prostrate’ is to God alone”, in reference to the several Qur’anic Verses he mentioned about dedicating ?acts of worship’ to All?h Alone, including Sujud. Thus, it seems clear that to Wail, “acts of worship”, and, ‘Sujud’, are somehow synonyms. However, the verses that Wail mentioned did not state that every Sujud is an act of worship, but mentioned Sujud in the context of worship, and indeed, all acts of worship are only directed at Allah Alone; both the angels and mankind are prohibited from making this type of Sujud to other than Allah, as Imam Ibn Taimiyyah stated[6]. Then again, Wail used the word, ?Sujud’, then the word, ‘context’, thus indicating that ‘Sujud’ alone is not sufficient to explain the meaning desired behind using it in a sentence without a ?context’ to define it. Yet, he decided that the Sujud of the angels to Adam was in the context of worship, without bringing a ‘context’ to establish that the Sujud under discussion was “really” an act of worship. To get out of this utter confusion, one needs to acquire knowledge on how the mind of an Evangelist “really” works.

These are two distinctly different topics that Wail has combined, two different concepts he has made one and the same: the concept of dedicating all acts of worship to Allah, Alone without partners, which is the Tauheed (Monotheism) that is the foundation of Islam, and the act that is called Sujud, making every act of Sujud an act of worship.

To explain, the Qur’an never stated that the angels were directing an act of worship to Adam; it is Wail who made up this conclusion on his own without a shred of evidence to support his stance. He then tried to cover his error by first saying that, the phrase ?Sujud’ is ?overwhelmingly’ used in the Qur’an in reference to worship to God. Then, he stated that Muslim Scholars, meaning, the scholars of Islam who know what Islam is about and are qualified to explain the meaning contained in the Qur’an and Sunnah, “‘simply explain this phrase as meaning ‘greeting and exaltation.'” Amazingly, Wail then dismissed the explanation given by Muslim Scholars on their own Qur’an and acted as if they are bound by his explanation on it, even though he is neither a Muslim nor a scholar on Islam.

Is It “Exclusively” or “Overwhelmingly”?

If the Qur’an “overwhelmingly” mentioned Sujud in the context of worship, then it is logical to state that rarely, the Qur’an would mention Sujud in a context other than worship. Therefore, why would Wail dismiss the explanation given by the scholars of Islam that the angels’ Sujud to Adam was in a context other than worship if the scholars did not deviate from the fact that “overwhelmingly”, the Qur’an mentioned the Sujud in the context of worship? It is clear that Wail believes that the term, “Sujud”, was mentioned “exclusively” in the context of worship in the Qur’an. Otherwise, why would he write his article if he only meant “overwhelmingly” instead of “exclusively”?

Types of Sujud in the Qur’an

Unlike the method that Wail used, here is scientific research on the types or ‘various contexts’ of Sujud mentioned in the Qur’an and the evidence establishing each type from the Qur’?n and Hadith (Prophetic Tradition). We start by narrating one of the major foundations of Islam that is of great relevance to the topic of this article: the Prophet’s Hadith, “Actions are tied to the intentions behind them.” This Hadith is found in the authentic Hadith collections of Imams al-Bukhari and Muslim.

There are several types — or contexts — of Sujud mentioned in the Qur’an and Prophetic Tradition distinguished from each other by their linguistic implication and the intention behind performing each type.

First: Sujud As An Act of Worship

Sujud, in the context of worship, is only dedicated to Allah, Alone without partners. This type of Sujud is of two categories classified either under Shirk (Polytheism) or Tauhid (Islamic Monotheism), as follows.

Surat an-Naml, chapter 27 in the Qur’an, narrated the story of Prophet Sulaiman (Solomon), peace be upon him, with the Hudhud (hoopoe). The Hudhud said this to Prophet Sulaiman,

I found a woman ruling over them (people of Saba`), she has been given all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth, and she has a great throne. I found her and her people prostrating (Yasjudun’, verb for, ‘Sujud’) to the sun instead of All?h, and Shait?n (Satan) has made their deeds fair seeming to them, and has barred them from (Allah’s) way, so they have no guidance; So they do not worship (prostrate themselves before) All?h, Who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you reveal. Allah, Laa ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!

Even the bird knew that the Sujud of the people of Sabato the sun was in the context of worship. The bird also affirmed the Islamic <em>Tauhid</em> of dedicating all aspects of worship to All?h, Alone without partners. However, this is not our only proof. The Qur'an said after a few sentences and in direct reference to the Sujud of the Saba people to the sun:

“And that which she used to worship besides All?h has prevented her [from Islam], for she was of a disbelieving people.” [27:20-43]

Therefore, it is the Qur’an that defined the Sujud of the Queen of Saba` and her people to the sun as an act of worship, in this case, Shirk.

With regards to the second category of Sujud in the context of worship, among the Qur’anic verses that Wail mentioned is Allah’s statement:

“O, you who have believed! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful. And strive hard in All?h’s Cause as you ought to strive (with sincerity). He has chosen you (to convey Islamic Monotheism to mankind), and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship: it is the religion of your father Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic Monotheism). It is He (Allah) Who has named you Muslims both before and in this (the Qur’an), that the Messenger (Muhammad) may be a witness over you and you be witnesses over mankind! So perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), give Zakat and hold fast to Allah [i.e. have confidence and trust in Allah].” [22:77-8]

These two Qur’anic verses, which as Imam Ibn Taimiyyah stated, ordained all types of good and rebuked all types of evil, list various acts, such as Ruku(bowing down), Sujud (prostrating) and doing good, all in the context of worship and as parts of the Islamic Monotheism. Evidence: Allah said in verse 77, {"and worship your Lord"}, thus indicating its intended context. In addition, there are two key factors that Wail ignored in these two Qur'anic Verses that clearly explain the meaning of Ruku and Sujud intended in them. Firstly, Verse 77 mentioned the Ruku` and Sujud that are pillars of the Islamic Prayer (Salat), which Verse 78 mentioned in plain terms, {So perform As-Salat}. Hence, the falsehood of the comparison between the Sujud in verse 77 to the Sujud of the angels to Adam is clear: the angels did not make Sujud to Adam in the context of prayer or while praying to him, not even Wail made this wild assumption.

To continue, Verses 77-8 mentioned three pillars of the Islamic Prayer: Ruku, Sujud and sincerity to Allah. The Ruku and Sujud were mentioned as pillars of the Islamic Prayer in specific Prophetic Statements as collected by Imam an-Nasaii and others; Verse 39:11 ordained sincerity to Allah in the worship,

“Say (O, Muhammad): ?Verily, I am commanded to worship Allah (Alone) by obeying Him and doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only.”

Verse 78 clearly indicated that the context of the Ruku` and Sujud mentioned in Verse 77 is their being parts of the Islamic Prayer:

{So perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), give Zakat}

Verse 77 legislated doing good, including being charitable; Verse 78 implied that the pillar referred to in ordaining doing good in Verse 77 is the Zakat which, just like the Salat, is one of five pillars of Islam. Therefore, these sentences wherein the word ‘Sujud’ appeared indicated the context of it, that is, worshipping All?h in sincerity. ‘Sujud’, by itself does not mean an act of worship; even Wail understood this by saying that there is a ‘context’ in which ‘Sujud’ is mentioned. If defining the implication of Sujud requires a context, then the context decides which meaning is derived for Sujud, not the rhetorical babbling of un-enlightened Evangelists.

To expand on this topic, we should assert that the verses that Wail mentioned are not suitable to be compared in context to the Sujud of the angels to Adam.

Firstly, Wail mentioned this verse:

See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Daw?bb [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and many of mankind prostrate themselves to All?h [22:18].

The context of this Verse is the obedience to Allah’s Qadar (Divine Preordainments and Predestination), which is another meaning for Sujud, not prostrating to All?h by placing the face on the ground. Proof: the sun, the moon, the mountains, the trees and the animals do not prostrate in the manner many of mankind and the Jinn and all of the angels willingly prostrate. These things praise Allah in a way that we do not comprehend,

The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not their glorification. Truly, He is Ever Forbearing, Oft-Forgiving [17:44]

and show complete obedience to Allah’s appointed destiny and His created laws that govern every aspect of the existence. However, these things, including the animals, do not worship All?h, as Imam Ibn Taimiyyah rightfully stated. Imam Ibn Taimiyyah said, ?How can every type of Sujud be disallowed (meaning an act of worship), when the animals, which do not worship All?h, used to make Sujud to Allah’s Prophet, peace be upon him???? Imam Ibn Taimiyyah is referring here to a Hadith wherein a camel is reported to have made Sujud to the Prophet, peace be upon him, in the presence of the Prophet’s companions.[7]

But, Wail did not mention this verse:

And unto Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons [13: 15].

Unlike verse 22:18, this Verse includes those who do not believe in Islam or the Qur’an, including Wail himself. Even Wail would not explain this Verse as being in the context of worship, because his fellow Evangelists would protest by saying that they never prostrated even once to Allah. This Verse explains the meaning of the Sujud mentioned in it by saying that it is done either willingly, by many of mankind, or unwillingly, by the non-believers in Allah and all created things and animals. This Verse contained reference in it to the type of Sujud that is an act of worship and to the type of Sujud that is done involuntarily. Those who do not believe in Allah or Islam and would never willingly prostrate to Allah, unwillingly fulfill the destiny that Allah ordained for them, and their shadows prostrate to All?h without their consent: do they not see that their shadow always falls to the ground? Many among mankind willingly prostrate to Allah, and in their case, their Sujud is in the context of worship.

Conclusion: Contrary to what Wail insinuated, Sujud is not mentioned in the Qur’an only in the context of worship. In the examples given here, the Qur’an states that everything, including those who do not believe in Islam or Allah, prostrate to Allah in some manner, even if involuntarily. Therefore, Muslim Scholars are perfectly correct to explain the Sujud of the angels to Adam in the context of greeting and honoring Adam, since ‘Sujud’ has different meanings and various contexts. Allah willing, the reader will soon discover our most significant evidence yet to substantiate these facts.

Secondly, Wail also mentioned these two verses:

And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate yourselves not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate yourselves to All?h Who created them, if you (really) worship Him [41:37]

and

So fall you down in prostration to Allah and worship Him (Alone) [53:62]

These very verses that Wail used to support his Fatwa that the angels prostrated to Adam in the context of worship explain, and in the clearest terms for anyone who has eyes and can read, that the Sujud ordained in them is in the context of worship of Allah, a context that is made separate of the word ?Sujud’ so as to define its meaning and intended implication. Hence, we again ask, where is the Verse that states that the Sujud of the angels to Adam was an act of worship or Shirk that All?h prohibited?

Second, Sujud As A Matter of Shari’ah (Islamic Law)

There is another type of Sujud that is a matter of Shari’ah (Islamic Law). To explain this type, we should say that the Qur’an did not only state that the angels were ordered to make Sujud to Adam, but also mentioned the reason behind this Divine Commandment. Allah said,

“So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them. Except Iblis (Satan), he was proud and was one of the disbelievers. (All?h) said: ?O Ibl?s (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the high exalted???? [Ibl?s (Satan)] said: “I am better than he. You created me from fire, and You created him from clay.” [38:73-6].

All?h mentioned His creating Adam with His Hands as the reason for His commanding the angels and Satan to prostrate before Adam. In comparison, Adam’s offspring are created by All?h saying, “Be”, and they come to existence. The topic of discussion in these Verses was the origin of creation, i.e., how All?h created some of His creation, not the worship of Adam, his privileges or subsequent sin. This is why Satan responded by saying, “I am better than him”, then said, “You created me from fire and him, You created from clay.” The Islamic tradition teaches that for a period of time before Adam was created, Satan was with the angels, even though he was from the Jinn (the devils are disbelieving Jinn):

“So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Ibl?s (Satan) ? he refused to be among the prostrators.” [15:30-1]

If the topic of discussion were on who deserved to receive a Sujud on account of their privileges, Satan would have said, “I was in the company of the angels, who always worshipped You (All?h); Adam did not worship You at all before this.”

The Neos Hid This Qur’?nic Verse From Their Readers – What Happened to the Word ‘Karramta’?

Satan protested on two accounts, as follows. Firstly, Satan rejected All?h’s Commandment to make Sujud to Adam because he believed that the origin of his creation, fire, is ?better’ than the clay from which Adam was created. Secondly, and to further solidify this meaning, we hereby uncover the Qur’?nic Verse that Wail Taghlibi hid from his readers, the Ayah wherein All?h said,

“[Ibl?s (Satan)] said: ?See this one (Adam) whom You have Karramta (honored) above me, if You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely, seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few!??? [17:62].

Thus, and contrary to what Wail decided in his “fatwa”, it is not Muslim commentators who stated that the prostrating of the angels to Adam was an act of Ikram (honoring) of Adam, it is the Qur’?n itself that did so in the plainest terms. This is the Ayah that Wail and his neo-sponsors hid from their readers! Wail mentioned the verse before this one (17:61), but made no mention to the very next Verse (62) which contains the word, ‘honored’. The reason behind this action on his part is obvious: this Ayah refutes the entire article that Wail wrote without having knowledge or even attempting serious research.

Satan mentioned the purpose behind All?h ordering him and the angels to make Sujud to Adam, that is, All?h’s “Ikram (honoring)” of Adam above the angels and the devils; the Qur’?n stated that the reason behind Adam’s “Ikram” is that All?h created him with His Hands. Hence, to honor Adam, the angels made Sujud to Adam in direct worship (obedience) to All?h Who created him with His Own Hands and Who does what He will. The question remains as to why Wail Taghlibi did not mention this Verse? And where is the Ayah that says that Satan protested the order to make Sujud to Adam on account of his rejection to perform an act of worship to Adam? Even the devil did not think of this one!

As stated, Islamic traditions teach that Iblis, the forefather of the Jinn, was with the angels and All?h put him to the test of obedience by ordering him and the angels to prostrate to Adam, soon after All?h created Adam with His Own Hands. Instead of acting like the angels by obeying All?h and honoring what He has created with His Own Hands, Satan refused and was thrown out of All?h’s Mercy for eternity. He was arrogant and the father of evil, refuting All?h’s Commandment by ?informing’ Him of which of His creation is better than others, fully knowing that All?h is the Creator, the All-Knower.

Biblical Verses That Wail Hid From His Readers

Wail hid several “types of” verses from his readers, including those from his own Bible, as follows.

Genesis 37 states this:

    3. Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children…
    4. And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him…
    5. And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the more…
    9. And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.
    10. And he told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?

Wail could have used these verses to conclude that the “bowing down” mentioned in them was in the context of worship. Then he may conclude that not only Joseph, but also Jacob, his wife and eleven children committed Shirk, since the Bible states this:

    Psalms 95:
    6. O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord our maker.
    7. For he is our God.

and,

    Exodus 20:
    1. And God spake all these words, saying,
    2. I am the Lord thy God…
    5. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God.

Wail may also find further proof that the Bible promotes Shirk in the fact that several other Biblical verses mentioned bowing down that was performed to other than God, such as,

    Genesis 27
    22. And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.
    23. …so he blessed him.
    24. And he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And he said, I am.
    25. And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine and he drank.
    26…and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said…
    28. Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine:
    29. Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s sons bow down to thee.

and

    Genesis 49
    8. Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee.

Thus, “Prophet” Isaac drank wine, while “Prophet” Jacob lied in a shameless manner to receive a blessing that was not intended for him; Isaac did not have a spare blessing to give to Esau who was cheated out of the only blessing Isaac could afford giving.[8]

What Happened to the Biblical Story of Prophets Jacob and Joseph?

The Qur’?n mentioned another instance wherein some of All?h’s righteous slaves made Sujud to some of All?h’s righteous slaves. All?h said in the Qur’?n:

“And he (Prophet Yusuf [Joseph]) raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: ?O my father (Prophet Ya`qub [Jacob])! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the Bedouin-life, after Shait?n (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He wills. Truly, He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.” [12:100]

These great Prophets of All?h did not perform acts of worship to each other, as Wail insinuates in his “fatwa”. Prophet Yusuf said, while affirming Tauh?d:

“And I have followed the religion of my fathers, ? Ibr?h?m (Abraham), Ish?q (Isaac) and Ya?q?b (Jacob), and never could we attribute any partners whatsoever to All?h.” [12:38]

And when death came to Prophet Ya`qub, peace be upon him, he said this to his sons:

“What will you worship after me???? They said, “We shall worship your Il?h (God ? All?h) the Il?h (God) of your fathers, Ibr?h?m (Abraham), Ism?’?l (Ishmael), Ish?q (Isaac), One Il?h (God),and to Him we submit (in Isl?m)” [2:133].

This is pure Monotheism untainted by the whims and desires of present-day Evangelists, who wish that the Qur’?n would contain contradictions similar to the horrific contradictions that their ?holy books’ contain. All what they were able to bring is an alien idea never contemplated in the Qur’?n or the Prophetic Tradition or preached by any Muslim Scholar.

Surat Yusuf clearly described the reason why Prophet Ya’qub, his wife and eleven children made Sujud to Prophet Yusuf, as follows: first, it was the habit of those who were before Islam to honor their leaders by prostrating before them.

    Genesis 43
    26. And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.
    27. And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive?
    28. And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.

and

    2 Samuel 1
    1. Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;
    2. It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.

Second, this Sujud that Prophet Yusuf received was the direct interpretation of a vision that he saw before his brothers plotted to kill him:

“(Remember) when Y?suf (Joseph) said to his father: ‘O my father! Verily, I saw (in a dream) eleven stars and the sun and the moon ? I saw them prostrating themselves to me.’ He (the father) said: ‘O my son! Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they should arrange a plot against you. Verily, Shait?n (Satan) is to man an open enemy! Thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of dreams (and other things) and perfect His Favor on you and on the offspring of Ya’q?b (Jacob), as He perfected it on your fathers, Ibr?h?m (Abraham) and Ish?q (Isaac) aforetime! Verily, your Lord is All-Knowing, All-Wise.'” [12:4-6].

Prophet Yusuf saw in a dream that eleven stars and the sun and the moon prostrated before him. His father informed him that his dream meant that All?h had chosen him, meaning, to be a prophet and a king, and to teach him knowledge in the interpretation of dreams. Years after Yusuf told his father about his dream, All?h made it come true: his parents and eleven siblings prostrated before him, because he was the king. Proof: All?h said that after they prostrated before him, Prophet Yusuf said,

“My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught me the interpretation of dreams ? the (Only) Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Wal? (Protector, Helper, God, Lord) in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die as a Muslim, and join me with the righteous.” [12:101].

Therefore, Prophet Yusuf praised All?h for making him a king; his family prostrated before him because he was the king. Where did the Qur’?n or even the Torah say that when Prophet Ya`qub prostrated before his son, it was an act of worship? Where did the Qur’?n say that every Sujud is an act of worship? What Muslim Scholar preaches making Sujud as an act of worship to other than All?h if, as Wail dreamed, All?h ordered the angels to make Sujud as an act of worship to Adam?

The type of Sujud that All?h ordered the angels to perform before Adam, as well as the Sujud that Prophet Ya`qub made to Prophet Yusuf, is a matter of Law (Ahkam, or Shar?’?h), not a matter of worship. When Islam came, many of the laws of previous nations were abrogated, among them the Sujud that is to honor kings and leaders. Ever since Islam disallowed it, making any type of Sujud to other than All?h regardless of the intention behind it, even if it were to honor kings and leaders as was the tradition before Islam, became prohibited for Muslims. However, we should state that the Angels are not required to follow Islamic Law. For example, the angels do not fast during Ramadhan; the angels do not eat let alone fast from eating. In addition, we should state that prostrating to other creations as a way of honoring or greeting them is disallowed in Islam for those who came after this ruling was revealed, not for those who came before it and certainly not for the angels.

As evidence that making Sujud as a matter of tradition was popular during the Prophet’s time, al-Bukhari reported that when the Prophet, peace be upon him, sent a messenger to Hercules, the Roman Emperor, Hercules had a lengthy discussion with his advisors about Prophet Muhammad and afterwards, the priests prostrated before Hercules. This occurred in the presence of the Prophet’s companion who carried the Prophet’s letter to Hercules. The Prophet’s companion did not interpret this as an act of worship by the Christian advisors and priests to their Christian king, but as a matter of tradition and habit.

There is an authentic Hadith that is directly related to this type of Sujud. When Muadh Ibn Jabal, the Prophet's companion, came back from the Sham Area (Syria) to Madinah, he prostrated before the Prophet, peace be upon him, who asked him, "What is this, O, Muadh?” Mu`adh said, “I visited the Sham Area and witnessed them prostrate before their priests and patriarchs. I wished to myself that we did the same for you.” The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Do not do it. However, if I were to order anyone to prostrate before anyone else besides All?h, I would have ordered the wife to prostrate before her husband.”[9] The topic of this Hadith is, “Making Sujud, as a matter of Islamic Law, To Other than All?h”.

This specific topic was brought to the Prophet’s attention, the same Prophet who received the Qur’?n from All?h wherein is mentioned the Sujud of the angels to Adam. Even if the Qur’?n had not elaborated on this topic ? yet we proved that it did in the clearest terms – the Prophet himself had elaborated on it. He did not say to Mu`adh, “Do not do this, because Sujud is an act of worship and directing any act of worship at other than All?h is Shirk.” He did not say, “It is alright to do it, because the angels worshipped Adam as the Qur’?n stated.” He, peace be upon him, merely stated that this type of Sujud was prohibited in Isl?m and that if he were to allow it, he would have ordered the wife to prostrate to her husband. It is not possible that the Prophet, who upheld Islamic Monotheism in its most clear and pure form, would say to his companion, “If I were to order anyone to worship anyone else besides All?h, I would have ordered the wife to worship her husband in Sujud,” because this would contradict the essence of Tauheed which the companions embraced in defiance of Shirk itself. While commenting on this Hadith, Imam Ibn Taimiyyah said, “How can it be concluded that prostrating to something indicates worship of it, when the Prophet said?” and he mentioned the Hadith above, saying afterwards, “It is known that the Prophet did not say, ‘If I were to order anyone to worship anyone else?'”

We should add that Muadh ibn Jab?l stated that the Sujud he witnessed was the practice of Christians during that era, and indeed, the Christians still practice this Sujud in the present time as they bow down to their kings or queens, and even bow down to kiss the hands of their popes and patriarchs. In yet another proof that this Sujud was a matter of tradition, Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal reported in another narration that Muadh Ibn Jabal said to the Prophet, “I thought that you have more right to be honored [than the priests and patriarchs].”

In addition, the type of Sujud that the Prophet said he would have ordered the wife to perform to her husband, was explained by the Prophet himself in that it was due the husband’s great right on his wife.[10] In another narration[11] the Prophet, peace be upon him, further explained this Hadith by saying, ?Because of what All?h favored (or, honored) him with above her.??? In this last narration, the Prophet used the word, ?Fadh-dhala???, which describes a type of honor that All?h bestows on whomever He will. All?h said in the Qur’?n:

“And indeed We have honored (karramna) the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Tayyib?t (lawful good things), and have preferred them (Fadh-dhal-nahum) above many of those whom We have created with a marked preferment.” [17:70]

Thus, two things are clear: the context of this Hadith is Sujud as a matter of tradition, and “Karramna”, from the same root word as “Karramta”, is another term that Wail mysteriously ignored mentioning in his article/fatwa.

Third, Sujud in Yet Another Context in the Qur’?n

All?h said, when translated means:

“So the earthquake seized them (people of Prophet Salih), and they lay (dead), prostrate (Jathimeen) in their homes.” [7:78];

“And As-Saihah (torment ? awful cry) overtook the wrongdoers, so they lay (dead), prostrate (Jathimeen) in their homes. As if they had never lived there. No doubt! Verily, Tham?d disbelieved in their Lord. So away with Tham?d!” [11:67-8]

And you will see each nation Jathiyah (humbled to their knees; kneeling), each nation will be called to its Record (of deeds) [45:28].

Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani said in his explanation on Sahih al-Bukhari, that, ‘Jathin’, pertains to sitting on the knees, or kneeling (a type of Sujud). Muslims are anxious: it remains to be seen as to how Wail Taghlibi and the entire community of Evangelists/Shaikhs would explain these Verses and in which context they would kindly place them.

Conclusion: Depending on the intention behind performing it, Sujud is either an act of worship, and in Islam, all acts of worship are strictly and exclusively directed at All?h. As Imam Ibn Taimiyyah rightfully stated, both the angels and mankind are prohibited from making this type of Sujud to other than All?h. Or, Sujud is a matter of habit and tradition to honor kings and leaders, and as such, pertains to the Islamic Law which has prohibited it. In addition, if it were Prophet Joseph who made Sujud to his parents and if it were mankind whom All?h ordered to make Sujud to the angels, then this Sujud would still be allowed for them since it is not meant as an act of worship but as a way of greeting and honoring those who deserve to be honored. Or Sujud is done involuntarily as it is clear from All?h’s statement:

“See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Daw?bb [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and many of mankind prostrate themselves to All?h. But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified (they do not worship All?h). And whomsoever All?h disgraces, none can honor him. Verily, All?h does what He wills.” [22:18]

Or, Sujud is in the context of All?h’s punishment to disbelieving nations as is clear from the Qur’?nic verses describing the fate of `Ad and Thamud who were destroyed and left laying prostrate on their foreheads. And on the Day of Judgment, every nation shall fall to their knees to the Lord, prostrating before His Majesty and Irresistible Power. There is also the voluntary Sujud as an act of worship that mankind will be asked to perform on the Day of Resurrection; those who did not do it voluntarily and sincerely in this life will not be able to perform it voluntarily on the Day of Judgment:

“(Remember, or mention) the Day when the Shin (of All?h) shall be laid bare (on the Day of Resurrection) and they shall be called to prostrate themselves (to All?h), but they (hypocrites) shall not be able to do so. Their eyes will be cast down and ignominy will cover them; they used to be called to prostrate themselves (offer prayers), while they were healthy and good (in the life of the world, but they did not).” [68:42-3]

What Happened to the Law of Stoning the Adulterer?

Islam abrogated many of the laws legislated for earlier believing nations in addition to some of the laws legislated in the early era of Islam. The Bible also abrogated parts of the Jewish law. Matthew 19:8-9 states:

“Jesus replied, ‘Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard. But it was not this way from the beginning. I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, and marries another woman commits adultery.???

Yet, Answering Islam dares to post an article by (an alleged) “former Muslim”, Farooq Ibrahim, entitled The Problem of Abrogation in the Quran. It appears that these Neos not only do not read the Qur’?n even though they “generously” explain it to Muslims, but also do not read their own Bible. Farooq Ibrahim claims that he used to be a Muslim until, among other things, he was “confused” on why All?h would abrogate some of His Law. To answer that entire article, which was written by the yet another ‘confused’ author, we post a single question to Christians: what happened to the “eternal” Law of Circumcision[12] , prohibiting eating the flesh of swine[13], and the law of stoning the adulterer[14] and the other ancient laws that are found in the Bible, the Literal Word of God as Christians claim, which the Christians did away with?

Christians falsely claim that Jesus is lord and eternal, as Wail stated, “In fact, from eternity, he was equal with God.” Rhetorically, it must have been Jesus who issued these commandments in the Old Testament and later on abrogated them in the New Testament. The reality is that these laws were corrupted by the hands of Paul, the true founder of Christianity, and the many anonymous writers who authored the New Testament.

The Christians have two choices: either God abrogated some of the Law He revealed to ancient Prophets or there was no abrogation, and thus, the Christians are sinners on two accounts: for disobeying the Lord’s ‘Literal Word’ by drinking wine, eating pork and not punishing the adulterer by stoning, and for changing and corrupting God’s Law as found in the Old Testament by abrogating it on their own in the New Testament.3

Privileges of the Prophets; Relevance of This Topic to the Angels’ Sujud to Adam

In his article on Sujud, Wail Taghlibi listed the privileges that All?h bestowed on Prophets Ibrahim (Abraham), Mus? (Moses) and Is? al-Masih (Jesus), saying:

The privileges given to these prophets qualify them more than Adam to receive the prostration from angels as ?greeting and exaltation’, if we should accept this as a possible meaning. Since there is no indication that such a phrase was used to address any of these prophets, the interpretation offered by Muslim commentators to the phrase of ?falling down in prostration to Adam’ seems unconvincing.

First, we hereby testify that Wail’s acceptance ? or lack of it – of the explanation given to this ?Islamic’ concept by ?Muslim Scholars’ has never been of any concern to Muslims. Wail, who does not believe in All?h, the Qur’?n, Muhammad, or Islam, invented a concept that was never propagated by the Qur’?n or the Prophetic Tradition or contemplated by any Muslim scholar.

Second, and in contradiction to the assertion that Wail made, we mentioned the story of Prophet Yusuf and the fact that his parents and eleven brothers prostrated to him as a way of greeting and exaltation. Yes, Prophets Yusuf and Ya`qub were not specifically mentioned in Wail’s statement, “?these prophets”. Yet, the fact remains that Prophet Yusuf received a Sujud that was preordained in the Qur’?n itself and this is further proof that Wail erred in his “fatwa”.

Third, we should ask, what relevance do the privileges of the honorable Prophets Wail mentioned have to the topic under discussion? All?h did not say in the Qur’?n that He ordered the angels to prostrate to Adam because Adam’s privileges were better and more exalted than the privileges given to the other Prophets.

Fourth, the Prophets whom Wail mentioned were tremendously honored by All?h, Who gave each of them miracles exclusive to them and frequently praised them in the Qur’?n. In contrast, the Qur’?n did not mention any miracle that Prophet Adam was favored with, and therefore, the Christians will have to be ?generous’ with their father and allow him to keep this privilege. Amazingly, Wail strives hard to deprive Adam of any virtue so as to support the Christian dogma of doom stating that Adam’s sin stained all of humanity and chained them, unjustly preventing them from having a good relation with God without having Jesus crucified for their sin.

These mentioned Prophets also received a part of the honor that All?h bestowed on their honorable ancestor, Adam, the father of all of mankind, when the angels prostrated before him. Thus, Wail’s statement, “?we may wonder why God would exclusively honor Adam by this privilege. The question becomes why would God not honor other prophets like Ibrahim, Musa, and Issa Al-Massih (Jesus Christ) in the same way?”, is entirely irrelevant because the answer is that this honor was given to he who was created by All?h’s Own Hands. Thus, we should ask Wail, who else among the Prophets and all of mankind was created by All?h’s Own Hands so that he too receives the honor designated to he, Adam, who was created by All?h’s Own Hands?

Fifth, Adam dwelled in Paradise, as the Qur’?n and even the Bible testify. Therefore, why did not Wail protest this privilege too, since some of the Prophets he mentioned are at a higher degree of honor and exaltation than that of Adam and deserve to dwell in Paradise as well?

Sixth, Islam teaches this about All?h:

“He cannot be questioned as to what He does, while they will be questioned.” [21:23]

Seventh, the privilege of receiving the angels’ Sujud that All?h gave Adam is not because Adam was a Prophet who received revelation from All?h, or because he was better than all other Prophets, or on account of what Adam did or did not do in his faith: there is not a single Qur’?nic Verse that mention any of these ideas. This privilege, as Wail concurs, is exclusively based on what All?h Himself did: He created Adam with Both His Hands. Wail said:

Paul describes the origin of first Adam as ‘of dust of the earth’ (1 Corinthians 15:47); thus referring the readers back to the beginning. ?In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth?and God said, let there be?and there was’ (Genesis 1:3, 6-7). God brought all things into being, by his word, (Psalms 33:6, 9; 145:5; Hebrews 11:3). But for Adam it is explicitly stated to be different. God created Adam in a different manner. ?The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being’ (Genesis 2:7). That was a special favor that God exclusively conferred to Adam, but not to the rest of creatures. He did not come to existence by the simple command of God, but rather by receiving the breath of God, that gave him life.

Amazingly, Wail finds it “bewildering” that Adam, not the rest of mankind, would receive the honor of being prostrated to by the angels, even though he was endowed with this favor for being created by All?h’s Own Hands, i.e., the very reason for ordering the angels and Satan to prostrate to Adam, i.e., the very special favor that Wail agreed was given to Adam and none else among creation. Why did not Wail protest this exclusive favor that God gave only to Adam, i.e., being the only living creation created by All?h’s Own Hands, when other Prophets had more privileges and were better qualified to receive the honor of being created in this manner than Adam?

One Adam, Two Adams, Three Adams, And So Forth

Eighth, when Adam received the prostration from the angels, he had not yet committed a sin. However, Wail made a comparison between the sinful Adam and the sinless second Adam, saying, “After this review of the characteristics of the first Adam, and those of the last Adam, Jesus Christ, a brief comparison between them would demonstrate who deserves to receive prostration from angels.” Comparing Adam who sinned later on in his life with the rather fictitious, eternal, spiritual, sinless, second Adam is just another fantasy that has no relevance to the topic under discussion, which is concentrated on he who was created by All?h’s Own Hands. This is especially the case since according to the false Christian dogmas, Jesus was begotten, not made.

What Happened to the Original Sin?

For some reason, Wail evaded mentioning the Christian dogma of “Original Sin”. However, he kept babbling about Adam’s sin and how he lost his relationship with God because of it, saying:

Briefly, Adam was in good relation with God; but because of his disobedience he lost that relation. On the other hand, the Last Adam, Jesus Christ, was sent by God from heaven. And he fully obeyed God; therefore he was able to restore man to a good relation with God.

Wail also said:

The result of Adam’s disobedience was not restricted to Adam himself. It entailed curse upon the earth?Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned. (Romans 5:12).

Thus, Wail means, mankind inherited Adam’s sin, but Wail skillfully evaded direct mentioning of this Christian dogma by name.

Wail Quotes Paul, the True Founder of Christianity

Wail deviated to a topic that is entirely irrelevant to the topic under discussion by saying,

Adam is frequently mentioned in the Bible. In fact, the Bible speaks about two Adams?In the 15th chapter of the first epistle to the Corinthians which Paul wrote c. 55 AD, he advocated the reality of resurrection. And in order to support his position he spoke about the first man Adam and the Last Adam:

“The first Adam became a living being, the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. The first man was of the dust of the earth, the second man from heaven” (1 Corinthians.15:45-47).

Wail then ended his article by saying:

Conclusion: Dear reader, you have two options: Either you are satisfied only with what the Qur’an says about the first Adam, or you believe what the Bible says about the Last Adam. If you choose the Adam of dust, and continue your walk in the path of disobedience like him, you will end up with eternal punishment?But if you believe what the Bible says about the Last Adam, who came from heaven and fully obeyed God, you will be saved from your sins, and have eternal life. Moreover you will have also fellowship with him now and forever.

Note the horrific, false news that Wail brought the Children of Adam: Adam ended up with eternal punishment, “If you choose the Adam of dust, and continue your walk in the path of disobedience like him, you will end up with eternal punishment.”

Ninth, if Jesus is lord, as Christians claim, and if Sujud is an act of worship, as Wail claims, then why did not the disciples worship the second, sinless, eternal Adam by making Sujud to him, especially since Wail wrote this, “Therefore he is worthy that every knee should bow before him, not out of respect and exaltation, but rather in the sense of worship due to God himself. In fact, from eternity, he was equal with God”?

The “Good News” of Prophet Muhammad (21:107)

Tenth, All?h clearly stated that Adam made errors:

“Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went astray” [20:121].

Yet, All?h stated that Adam repented from his sin and that He forgave him:

“Then Adam received from his Lord Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful” [2:37]

and

“Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance” [20:122]

The “Words” mentioned in verse 2:37 were reported in another part of the Qur’?n:

“They (Adam and Eve, peace be upon them) said: ‘Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers’. [7:23]

Adam became free of his sin when All?h accepted his repentance, and thus, neither he nor his wife or offspring were burdened with his sin. All?h said:

“Or is he (who turned away from Islam) not informed with what is in the Pages (Scripture) of M?s? (Moses). And of Ibr?h?m (Abraham) who fulfilled (or conveyed) all that (All?h ordered him to do or convey). That no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins)of another. And that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad). And that his deeds will be seen. Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense.” [53:36-40]

In Islam, everyone is born sinless. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Muhammad, the Messenger of All?h, the Bearer of Good News, said:

“Every child is born on al-Fitrah (the pure Islamic Nature) and then his parents make him Jewish, Christian or Magian (fire-worshipper), as an animal produces a perfect young animal: do you see any part of its body amputated???? Then, he recited, “The religion of pure Islamic Faith (Hanifa [to worship none but All?h]), The pure All?h’s Islamic nature with which He (All?h) has created mankind. Let There be no change in All?h’s religion (i.e. to join none in All?h’s worship). That is the straight religion; but most of men know not [30:30]”.

Delivering Mankind From the Injustices of Tyrannical Religions to the Justice of Islam

This is tremendous, good news from Allah, the Creator of all that exists. Mankind is no longer bound by the invented doctrine of doom, where everyone is born with a sin they did not commit, where everyone must seek salvation from the original sin that they did not commit through the crucifixion of a man who did not commit their sin or the original sin. Mankind should seek salvation from these doctrines and free themselves from the chains unjustly placed on them by false religions, to the freedom of Islam where one only worships the One and Only Lord and Creator of everything, where one is only responsible for his or her own errors and collects the rewards for his or her own righteousness.

The Christian concept of the original sin is firmly rejected in Islam, which teaches the good news that one is only responsible for one’s own actions and errors. It is unjust that one should carry the burden of an error committed by someone else, inheriting this burden from one generation to the next generation. It is more unjust that God should love the world so much that, as Christians claim, He would have His own [falsely claimed] son crucified for the sins of Christians who commit every type of sin God forbade in every Divine Book He revealed.

Christians Should Respect Adam, the Father of Humanity

Adam was the first Muwa`hh?d (Monotheist) among mankind, the first righteous man to have ever lived. He observed and taught Tauh?d to his children. He was a Prophet to whom All?h spoke and revealed specifics of Tauh?d and Monotheistic worship. His offspring remained on Tauh?d until the time of Prophet Noah, when they started worshipping the idols. Thus, Noah was the first Messenger, as al-Bukhar? and Musl?m reported from All?h’s Prophet, in the sense that he was the first Prophet to be sent to a disbelieving people. The Christians should respect Adam and refrain from demeaning him because of a sin he committed, repented from and became sinless. Adam is the father of mankind whom All?h honored by giving him knowledge and faith:

“And He taught Adam all the names [of everything].” [2:31].

Adam is the father of mankind who taught them to have faith in the Creator of all that exists. Adam was the representative of all of mankind when he received the honor of being prostrated to by the angels because All?h created him with His Own Hands. This is the topic, not a comparison between the privileges of the Prophets as compared to the privileges of Adam or how many original Adams one can come up with.
Wail’s Bewilderment is of His Own Creation

Muslims reject trinity because trinity was never mentioned as a part of the valid creed either in the Old Testament or in the Qur’?n. Jesus never professed trinity; trinity was never mentioned by name in the New Testament. Trinity, the Original Sin, the second Adam, God’s claimed begotten, yet, eternal son, and the Holy Ghost being God are all alien ideologies never professed to by Jesus himself or by any other Prophet who came before or after him. The Old Testament never mentioned these dogmas, and Biblical Prophets never preached them. And not only Muslims reject these dogmas. The Jews do not only reject trinity, but also disbelieve in Jesus, accuse his honorable mother of horrible sins and are still awaiting the first coming of the Messiah, more than two thousand years after the Messiah came.

The Christians profess trinity as the entire world knows and therefore, Muslims did not unjustly claim that Christians call to trinity. In contrast, Wail and his neo-supporters invented an alien concept to Islam not found in the Qur’?n, the Prophetic Tradition or the statements of any Muslim Scholar. They invented an understanding that is never preached by Muslims, then decided that Muslim scholars did not convince them about the proper interpretation of the Qur’?n, even though what Muslim scholars say as explanation for the Sujud of the angels to Adam is found explicitly in a Qur’anic verse that Wail hid from his readers. The question is, to what lows are haters of Islam willing to sink to in their feverish yet vain attempts to defeat Islam’s superior creed? If they wish to try and derail the progress of Islam, and they will never succeed, they will fair better if they confronted the Islamic creed with their creed, so that Truth is made apparent and Falsehood is destroyed. Mankind already accepts Islam as their religion at a faster rate than Christianity, making many Christians worried. Yet, instead of confronting Islamic Tauh?d with the Christian Trinity, some Christians resort to defaming Islam and corrupting the Islamic Texts in such a shameful manner demonstrated by Wail and his supporters. If one does not believe in Islam’s creed, one should not waste time discussing Islamic Law.

Wail’s “?bewildering question, of what is meant by God’s command to angels to ?fall down prostrate to Adam'” did not consume him because, as he claims, “?neither Muslim commentators nor the Qur’an itself have succeeded in offering a plausible answer.” His bewilderment is of his own making. He did not read the Qur’?n with care so as to understand its Message in pursuit of Truth. To the contrary, Wail first filled his heart with hatred of a religion he cannot even begin to understand, then hastily read Qur’?nic verses to find mistakes in them. This article has clearly shown him to be a fake Shaikh who did not contemplate what he wrote before posting it. If Islam is a false religion as Christians claim, then why do they spend so much time and effort trying to defeat it? The full responsibility now lies with Answering Islam to remove Wail’s article from their website, especially that they now know that Wail hid the fact that the Qur’?n specifically described the angels’ prostration to Adam by saying that it was a way of honoring him, {?Ara-aitaka hadha al-ladhi karramta `alai???} [17:62]. From his name, Wail Taghlibi seems to be an Arab Christian, and thus we ask him to first recite this verse to his sponsors, interpret its meaning for them, and then explain to them why he did not mention it at all in his article.

This is only a reminder and peace be unto those who follow the true guidance that the Creator of all that exists sent down to His Prophets, peace be upon all of them.

Cite this article as: Bismika Allahuma Team, "When The Evangelist Becomes A Shaikh, The Angels Become Worshippers Of Adam," in Bismika Allahuma, October 14, 2005, last accessed December 4, 2021, https://www.bismikaallahuma.org/quran/when-the-evangelist-becomes-a-shaikh-the-angels-become-worshippers-of-adam/

[3] al-Fatawa, Vol. 23, p. 145

[4] al-Fatawa, Vol. 21, p. 269

[5] As reported in a Hadith, or Prophetic Tradition, collected in Sahih Sunan at-Tirmidhi [249]. For a detailed description of the Islamic Prayer, refer to the English translation of Zad-ul Ma`ad, by Imam Ibn al-Qayy?m, Vol. 2.

[6] al-Fatawa

[7] Sahih at-Targheeb wa-t-Tarheeb (1936)

[8] We will revisit these false accounts attributed to Allah’s Honorable Prophets in our book, The Prophet of Mercy, which is in response to Craig Winn’s The Prophet of Doom.

[9] This is an authentic Hadith (Prophetic Statement) collected in Sahih Ibn Majah.

[10] Sahih at-Targheeb (1936)].

[11] As reported in Sahih at-Targheeb (1935)

[12] Genesis 17: 12-13, “For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised. And my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant” and Luke 2:21, “On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise, he was named Jesus”; yet, in Galatians 5:2-6 one reads this, “Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.”

[13] Leviticus 11:1, 7, “And the Lord spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them?And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you”; yet Christians did away with this Divine Law in 1 Timothy 4:1-5, “Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.”

[14] John 8:4-5, 7 as follows: “They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou? So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you,let him first cast a stone at her.”

  1. Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn al-Arabi, born in 468 AH (i.e., after the Prophet’s Hijrah, or Migration from Makkah to Madinah)/1075 CE and died in 543 AH/1148 C.E. []
  2. By Abu al-Aun, Muhammad ibn Ahmad as-Saffarini, born in 1114 AH/1702 CE and died in 1188 AH/1774 C.E. []
  3. I should make mention that the matter of abrogation is explained in detail in my translation of Izhar-ul-`Haqq, by Shaikh Rahmatullah ibn Khalil ar-Rahman al-Kayranawy al-Hindi. []
Categories
Jerusalem History

The Dome Of The Rock (Qubbat As-Sakhra)

The most universally recognized symbol of Jerusalem is not a Jewish or Christian holy place but a Muslim one: the Dome of the Rock, or Qubbat as-Sakhra as it is known in Arabic. When people see its golden dome rising above the open expanse of Haram as-Shareef, they think of only one place in the world. The Dome of the Rock is undoubtedly one of the most celebrated and most remarkable monuments of early Islam, visited every year by thousands of pilgrims and tourists. It is Jerusalem’s answer to Paris’ Eiffel Tower, Rome’s St. Peter’s Square, London’s Big Ben and Kuala Lumpur’s Petronas twin towers; dazzling the minds of Muslims and non-Muslims alike. The Dome of the Rock is Jerusalem.

The Dome of the Rock was built around 688-691 C.E. (68-72 A.H.) by the Umayyad Caliphal-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik. This building is located in the middle of the Haram as-Shareef complex and the dome itself covers the Holy Rock, located directly under the dome, from which Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven on his night journey. The Holy Rock itself is a huge irregular rock measuring 17.7 metres north-south, 13.5 metres east-west, and 1.5 metres in height.

The building had underwent several restorations that maintained the original plan and design. It symbolizes the excellence of Islamic architecture and more than just an example of a typical mosque, it is also a reflection of its historical context. This includes the attempt to rival the Islamic empire’s predecessor in the area, the Byzantine-Christian empire, as well as to establish a monument over a holy site.1

The golden dome stretches 20 metres across the Noble Rock, rising to an apex more than 35 metres above it. Half of the lower part is covered with marble while the second half is covered with blue qashany squares inscribed with the Qur’anic chapter ‘Ya Sin’, a work commissioned in the 16th century by Suleiman the Magnificent:

Ya Sin
By the wise Qur’an
Surely you are among those sent on a straight path
A revelation of the Mighty, the Compassionate
That you might warn a people whose fathers were never warned, so they are heedless
(Qur’an 36:1-6)2

The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat as-Sakhra) 6
A partial view of the exterior of the Dome with Qur’anic inscriptions on blue qashany squares

The Dome of the Rock is an octagon; four of its sides face the 4 directions, and the Rock is in the center and is about 1.5 metres high. It measures 18 metres long by 13 metres wide, covered by a circular dome consisting of four circular fringes covered with marble squares with three marble columns between every two of them. They also carry 16 arches covered with white and black marble. The upper circular part of the Dome is covered with mosaic decorations of plants in harmonious colours, mainly green, blue and gold. The neck has some shells with 16 windows, made internally of glaze and externally of china or qashany blocks decorated with circular vents. The ceiling of the middle and external porches is flat and covered with wooden decorations leaning toward the external octagon and covered with lead sheets, but they are covered with silver aluminum sheets. The neck is covered with qashany decorations outside with a strip containing Sura’ al-Isra’a (The Night Journey), which was made in the 15th century. The neck had been covered with mosaics decorated with plant images. There are 40 columns, and 4 large external doors, namely David’s door or Isra’fil, the Paradise door, al-Aqsa door and the west door facing Bab al-Qattaneen.3

That this Muslim shrine has become the symbol of Jerusalem because of its magnificent golden dome dominating the skyline of Jerusalem is well recognized. Writing in about 985 C.E., Al-Muqaddas?the famous Muslim traveler born in Jerusalem, wrote that

At the dawn, when the light of the sun first strikes on the cupola and the drum catches the rays, then is this edifice a marvelous site to behold and one such that in all Islam I have never seen its equal; neither have I heard tell of aught built in pagan times that could rival in grace this Dome of the Rock.4

Writing of the sublimely beautiful structure with its heavenly dome, the British authority on Muslim architecture, K. A. C. Creswell, exclaimed:

Under a scheme whereby the size of every part is related to every other part in some definite proportion….the building instead of being a collection of odd notes becomes a harmonious chord in stones, a sort of living crystal; and after all it really is not strange that harmonies of this sort should appeal to us through our sight, just as chords in music appeal to our hearing. Some of the ratios involved….are fundamental in time and space, they go right down to the very basis of our nature, and of the physical universe in which we live and move.5

From the Muslim point of view, the Dome of the Rock was an answer to Christianity and its doctrines, providing Muslims with arguments to be used against Christian theology. The inscriptions are seven hundred and thirty-four feet long in all, amongst the lengthiest inscriptions in the world. There is a great amount of repetition and many quotations from the Qur’an The following extracts are as follows:

    Inner Face: South Wall. In the name of Allah the Merciful the Compassionate. There is no God but Allah alone; He has no co-partner. He is the Kingship and His the praise. He giveth life and He causeth to die, and He hath power over everything.

    South-East Wall. Verily Allah and His angels pronounce blessing upon the Prophet. O ye who have pronounced blessings upon Him and give Him the salutation of peace. O, People of the Book, do not go beyond the bounds in your religion and do not say about Allah anything but the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, is but a messenger of Allah and His word which He cast upon Mary and a spirit from Him. So believe only in Allah and of His messenger, but do not say “Three” (Trinity) and it will be better for you. Allah is only one God. Far be it from His glory that He should have a son.

    North Wall. The Messiah will not deign to be in the service of Allah nor will the angels who stand in his presence. O Allah; pray upon Thy messenger the servant Jesus – (N-W Wall) the son of Mary and peace be upon him the day of his birth, the day of his death and the day of his being raised alive. That is Jesus, son of Mary – a statement concerning which you are in doubt. It is not for Allah to take for Himself any offspring, glory be to Him.

    West Wall. Allah bears witness that there is no God but Him, likewise the angels and the people possessed of knowledge (S-W Wall) – Upholding justice. There is no God but He, the Almighty and All Wise. Verily, the religion in Allah’s sight is Islam.

    Outer Face: West and North-West Walls. In the name of Allah the Merciful and Compassionate. There is no God but Allah alone. Praise be to Allah who hath not taken to himself offspring. To Him there has never been any person in the sovereignty. Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, may God pray upon him and accept his intercession. Praise be God who has not taken unto Himself a son and who has no partner in sovereignty nor has He any protector on account of weakness.

In the last 1300 years, with only one exception6, the Dome of the Rock had always been in the hands of Muslims. The Dome of the Rock will always be sacred to Muslims and will remain there for as long as the Zionists do not attempt to destroy this Muslim shrine that has already been synonymous with the holy city of Jerusalem or deny Muslim access to the holy city.7

And only God knows best. The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat as-Sakhra) 7

Cite this article as: Bismika Allahuma Team, "The Dome Of The Rock (Qubbat As-Sakhra)," in Bismika Allahuma, October 15, 2005, last accessed December 4, 2021, https://www.bismikaallahuma.org/history/jerusalem/the-dome-of-the-rock/
  1. Alia F. Hasan, The Dome of the Rock: the Atypical Mosque [Online Document] []
  2. The Dome of the Rock, Noble Sanctuary Online Guide [Online Document] []
  3. Al-Aqsa Mosque Under Israeli Occupation, Palestine Info [Online Document] []
  4. As cited by Solomon Steckoll, The Temple Mount (Tom Stacey, Ltd., London, 1972), p. 31 []
  5. As cited by Dome of the Rock, Sacred Sites [Online Document] []
  6. On July 15, 1099 Jerusalem was taken from the Muslims by the Crusaders from Europe. The Crusaders slaughtered the inhabitants of Jerusalem in an unjustified carnage. The Dome of the Rock was converted into a Christian church called the Templum Domini, “Temple of our Lord.” []
  7. It is unfortunate that the Zionists and Christian missionaries try to deny the significance of Jerusalem in Islam. Refer to The Position of Jerusalem and Haram As-Shareef In Islam. []